The A+ Education Reform Act (HB1187) established school councils in Georgia to "bring communities and schools closer together in a spirit of cooperation to solve difficult education problems, improve academic achievement, provide support for teachers and administrators, and bring parents into the school-based decision-making process." School councils provide advice, recommendations, and assistance to principals and local boards of education. The management and control of public schools remains the responsibility of local boards of education, and the school leader is the principal, who also serves as the chair of the school council. In addition to the principal, school councils have six other members who serve two-year terms: two certificated teachers elected by the teachers; two parents (or guardians) elected by the parents; two business persons, one appointed by the local board of education and one elected by the other five non-business members of the council. After participating in training, the council meets monthly. All of the council’s activities are focused on improving student achievement and performance, and the council may offer advice on such matters as the school calendar and curriculum programs.